A History & Illustrated Gallery of The Much Loved & Collected Penny 1839 - 1901
Royal Mint Engravers, Medalists & Sculptors
Royal Mint engravers, medalists & sculptors - some profiles & biographical information.
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                                                                     MINTAGE FIGURES -
Benedetto Pistrucci (1783 – 1855)
Although Pistrucci was not an engraver of the Victorian penny series & is associated with the George III recoinage, his St George & The Dragon designs were used on Victoria's Gold & silver coins up to 1901.
This famous work continues to appear on gold sovereigns to the present day. Pistrucci was italian born & was given the post of Chief-engraver at the Royal Mint in 1817,
His Waterloo Medal, which took over 30 years to complete, is considered to be his masterpiece.

William Wyon, RA (1795– 1851),
Chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his 1851..Wyon is responsible for the magnificent 1839 'Una & The Lion' Gold Five Pounds Piece of Victoria. Also The 'Young Head' coinage in Copper (1839 - 1860 & in Silver until 1887.

Leonard Charles Wyon (1826 – 1891)
Eldest son of William Wyon. His gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze 'Bun' head coinage portrait,1860 to 1894

Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm, RA (1834 – 1890)
medallist sculptor, designed the Jubilee head of Queen Victoria (1887 -1892), This portrait was used on all Gold & Silver coinage. Boehm is also responsible for the statue of the Duke of Wellington at Hyde Park, the marble statue of Victoria in Windsor castle amongst other large & prestigious works. He died in 1890 in his fifty-sixth year.

Thomas Brock 1847 - 1922
Introduced in 1895, the last series of the victorian bronze penny, was  designed  by Thomas Brock.  By this time Victoria was in her seventy-sixth year & had been widowed for fifteen years,  this final bronze coinage portrait is often referred to as the widow head, veiled head or also simply 'Old' head.

George William De Saulles (1862 - 1903)
Chief Engraver at the Royal Mint, succeeding Leonard Charles Wyon,  he executed the dies, to the design of Thomas Brock, for the issue of the coinage of the following year; he also designed the coinage for Edward VII in 1902. In January 1893 he was gazetted 'engraver to the mint', (Ann report of Deputy Master of the Mint for 1893, p.30), and from that time till his death was actively engaged in the production of dies for English and colonial coins and for official medals. He died in 1903 aged just forty one.

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The hobby of  coin collecting (numismatics) is an enjoyable & educational recreational activity which is available to all.  Here is some historical information on those British & european engravers & medalists who brought to life what many consider to be amongst the world's most beautiful  coins & medals of the nineteenth century.

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